This article has been updated for 2020.
Over the past 10 years, hate crimes and bias incidents have been on the rise. Sometimes there is a catalyst for the crimes such as an election or global pandemic, but most often they are happening during a seemingly normal time. Hate crimes are not limited to any one group and they affect the entire community. This post provides Clubs with practical guidance on how to help victims of hate crimes and bias incidents, how to respond and report, and how to find agencies that help.
Boys & Girls Club professionals are mandated by our organizational constitution to be non-partisan in instruction. When kids and teens are experiencing or participating in speech or acts based in hate or bias, it is not a partisan issue. It is a safety issue. As Club professionals, silence is not an option.
What Are Hate Crimes?
A hate crime is the victimization of an individual based on that individual’s actual or perceived race, religion, national origin, ethnic identification, gender, sexual orientation, or dis/ability status. Hate crimes can occur anywhere- in schools and on campuses, the workplace, public places, or the home. Those who commit these acts come from all social/economic backgrounds and represent different age groups. Hate crimes may include acts such as:
- Physical assaults, with or without weapons
- Verbal or online harassment
- Rape or sexual assault
- Attacks on homes or places of worship
How to Respond
If the speech is directed at the Club or Club members, respond with your organization’s inclusion policies. BGCA’s Black Lives Matter statement and BGCA’s Commitment to Inclusion statement can help to provide a model for specific sample statements. Your response should point to the mission of your club. Additionally, your organization should have a plan for where to direct the concern if staff are not able to defuse the situation themselves.
When a hate-based crisis occurs, you should:
- Put safety first
- Ask open-ended questions to find out what happened
- Denounce the act
- Support targeted youth
- Promote healing
- Respond following your organizations policies and procedures for reporting incident
The steps above are from Responding to Hate and Bias at School, a Teaching Tolerance publication, a free resource for school administrators, teachers and counselors that provides concrete examples of how to respond to hate crimes and bias incidents. It includes information on assessing the climate before an incident occurs, key points when responding to a crisis, and what to do long-term to prevent another crisis.
Ensure that youth know what to do if they are a witness to or a target of a hate crime.
- Identify trusted adults in their lives for support, such as Club staff, teachers, coaches and family members. It is important to remember that hate crimes are against the law. Crime victims should never cope with their experiences alone.
- Write down what they remember about the incident.
- Contact local law enforcement to file a report. Contacting law enforcement may be triggering for some young people. Be prepared to be a liaison to help the young person feel more comfortable.
- If an incident or its consequences require immediate assistance, call 911.
Educate youth about hate crimes and bias as a prevention mechanism.
- Talk to youth using the How to Talk to Youth About a Traumatic Election Season Discussion Guide and Passport to Manhood’s Growing Up Black Video-Based Discussion Guide.
- Read a round-up of recent ClubX Blog posts on Racial Trauma, Healing, and Youth Advocacy.
- Get lesson plans for teaching social justice and reinforcing social-emotional learning skills on topics such as bias, race and ethnicity, and religion from Teaching Tolerance.
- Start young by finding resources for elementary-age youth on Edutopia.
- Use the Be A Star Bullying Prevention program from BGCA.
For non-emergencies, there are several organizations and hotlines available for hate crime, hate speech, and bias incident reporting and support, including:
- National Center for Victims of Crime‘s VictimConnect: Live anonymous referrals and support for victims of crime at 855-4-VICTIM (84-2546) or chat.
- National Coalition of Anti-Violence Projects: Direct response to critical incidents of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and HIV-affected community violence. You can report violence by calling 212-714-1141 or online.
- American Civil Liberties Union: The ACLU champions segments of the population who have traditionally been denied their civil rights. If you believe your civil liberties have been violated, contact your local ACLU affiliate.
- Rape, Abuse, and Incest National Network: For 24/7 confidential assistance, call 800-656-HOPE (4673) or chat online.
- National Child Traumatic Stress Network: Provides access to services for children and families who experience or witness traumatic events, including bullying, community violence, and mass violence affect children